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Author Guidelines



Word Count

  • Articles must be a minimum of 6,000 words to a maximum of 9,000 words (for research paper) and 5,000 to 8,000 words (for conceptual paper), excluding the abstract, references, appendix, figure captions, and tables
  • Article submissions should include an updated abstract (200-250 words) and set of 5 keywords.


Structure and Nomenclature

For Research Paper

  • Abstract (Ringkasan)
    • Straight to the point mentions the background of the issue [optional] in two sentences, the purpose of the article/study, the method used, the essential and insightful results/findings, and implications --> 200-300 words.
  • Keywords (Katakunci)
    • Use only the important and significant keywords, not repetitive the title, and max. three words per keywords --> 5 keywords.
  • Introduction (Pendahuluan)
    • Presents at least three ideas, namely the background to why the issue or topic is examined in this article, what is the difference between this study and the 10 previous relevant studies (literature review), and the specific objective of the study.
    • In short, the Introduction includes (1) brief description of the issue’s background, (2) review of previous research at least from 10 (ten) journal articles, (3) relevant theories/concepts [if necessary], and (4) research objectives/research questions [RQ] --> 1000-3000 words.
  • Method (Metode)
    • Comprises a description of the methodological approach or perspective used, research steps, data collection methods, selection of informants/participants, sampling (respondents/ texts), and data analysis methods. The authors can also add a description of the location and time context --> 300-700 words.
  • Findings and Discussion (Hasil dan Pembahasan)
    • Shows the results of data categorization (qualitative research), data analysis and process, and the hypothesis testing (quantitative research). Authors can display data or findings with tables, figures, or graphs with proportional interpretation. Discussion must include: the author's arguments and reflections related to the data and data context, comparison/dialogue of data with previous research, and relevant theories (whether appropriate or not following findings or results of the data analysis) to support arguments, interpretations and author's reflection.
    • In short, the findings and discussion focus on data presentation briefly and simply, data analysis, discussion of analysis results, comparison of findings with at least 10 previous studies or relevant theories/concepts --> 3500-4000 words.
  • Conclusion (Simpulan)
    • As the answer to the research/study objectives, the conclusion must be written concisely, including 1) emphasis (highlight) on the main and essential findings (for empirical research articles) or main and important thoughts (for conceptual study articles), directly (not wordy), meaningfully, and insightfully, 2) the implications (theoretical and practical), and, 3) suggestions for subsequent research.
    • The Conclusion should be to-the-point answers to RQ or research objectives, point out the important and unique/new findings, and implications for future research --> 300-400 words.
  • References (Daftar Pustaka)
    • Adapts the 7th APA referencing style
    • Prioritize primary and most recent reference sources (maximum of 10 years back).
    • minimum 50% of journal articles
    • all sources cited in the text must be written in the reference list and vice versa
    • arranged in an alphabetic format
    • Using automated citation and referencing tools such as Mendeley and proofreading applications such as Grammarly is highly recommended.
    • min. 20 reference sources


For Conceptual/Review Paper

  • Introduction (Pendahuluan)
  • Sub-titles related to the topic discussed and concept/theory proposed (sub-sub judul terkait topik yang dibahas dan konsep/teori yang diusulkan)
  • Conclusion (Simpulan)
  • References (Daftar Pustaka)


Articles that are not properly prepared according to the above structure will be rejected at the initial review stage.


Technical Requirements

  • Use font Calibri 11pt with space 1.15
  • Left and top margin 4cm, right and bottom 3cm
  • Paper size A4

For details, please consult technical guidelines on the article template.


In the initial submission, please pay attention to the following important things so as not to get an initial rejection.


  • Initial submissions should omit all author-identifying material for a two way anonymous peer review.
  • Submissions must not appear on any publicly visible website to avoid compromising the validity of an anonymous review.
  • If your article submission is publicly visible on any website, please remove the content before uploading your submission.


  • We only accept text files or files in .doc or .docx format (such as from Microsoft Word or Open Office).
  • We do not accept PDF files.


  • Concurrent submissions are not accepted. It means, submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and it is unacceptable.Manuscripts must only be peer reviewed by one journal at a time.
  • We do not accept submissions of previously published works.
  • No more than 25 percent of unoriginal text can be used by the author; these other places must be acknowledged and cited.
  • The remaining 75 percent of the article must be unique and original to your current submission.


  • Articles must follow conventions of the English language or Bahasa Indonesia in regard to proper grammar, punctuation, and typical writing practices.
  • All submitted articles must read as a formal academic article.
    • Word choice should not reflect a conversational or relaxed dialogue, be overly dependent on the use of bulleted lists, or rely heavily on the use of direct quotes.
    • A formal academic article should articulate ideas in a writing style that is precise, logical, and professional.
  • All factual statements must be supported by cited sources or research evidence.
  • Authors must ensure the accuracy of citations, quotations, diagrams, tables, and maps.
    • All in-text citations must be cited in the reference list and all sources in the reference list must be cited within the article.
    • Sources accessed online must include a DOI or URL.
  • Article submissions must consist of material that is unique and original, meaning that articles must engage cited material through critical thought.
    • Cited material cannot simply be copied.
    • Quotes must credit the original author and must be referenced correctly.
    • All quoted materials (in direct citation) must be indicated using “quotation marks.”
    • This includes material written by a contributing author. Referenced material must be properly cited. Quoted material must be indicated using “quotation marks” and cited properly.

Reference and Citation

  • All sources must be cited in the reference list and in the main text.
  • Using automated citation and referencing tools such as Mendeley is highly recommended.
  • It is recommended to cite one of the articles in Journal Communication Spectrum
  • Sources accessed online must include a DOI or URL.
  • At least 5 of the sources must be one of these publication types:
    • An edited book.
    • A peer reviewed publication (book, journal, or other).
    • An academic journal.
    • A university press publication (book, journal, or other).
    • Sources by contributing authors do not count toward this minimum.
    • Citing multiple works by the same author(s) only qualifies as meeting one of the required five.
  • In-text citations should only include a page number when citing a direct quote.
    • If you are not citing a direct quote, please do not include a page number.
  • When using a direct citation, the exact words must be attributed to the source.
    • Please use "double quotation" marks to indicate a direct citation.
    • Direct citations should contain a page number with the citation.
    • Example: Wijaya said, "direct quotes contain a page number" (Wijaya, 2016, p. 34).
  • The reference list should only list citations which appear in-text.
    • If a source is not cited in-text, it should not appear in the reference list.
  • Please refrain from using any of the "citations and bibliography" tools or features in Microsoft Word.
    • These are not editor-friendly software tools and they cause numerous problems during typesetting.
    • Citations and references should be entered as regular text without the aid of any special features or tools
  • Please format your submissions according to the journal article template. Use of the template is recommended for Initial Submissions and required for all Final Submissions.
  • Please follow the citation guidelines of the 7th edition of the APA Manual of Style and use automated citation and referencing tools such as Mendeley. This is a requirement for all Final Submissions.
  • Please insert all images as jpg files. Please keep image resolution below 300 DPI.
  • In case of symbols, please only insert symbols using standard fonts (e.g., WingDings, Arial Unicode MS).

* MS Word footnotes/endnotes tools are one exception to this rule, but still in a very limited use



Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The article submitted to Journal Communication Spectrum has not been published elsewhere, not double submission and/or under consideration in another journal and publisher.
  2. Article format in Microsoft Word
  3. The article submitted has met the Author Guidelines
  4. The article is free from all forms of plagiarism and communication corruption
  5. The article has no conflicts of interest and all materials related to copyright have been granted permission
  6. The article has cited one of the relevant articles published in the Journal Communication Spectrum

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.

  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.

  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).



We are very strict and do not tolerate any form of plagiarism. Therefore, we advise authors to check the similarity of the manuscript (using plagiarism check tools) before the initial submission and submit the results as a supplementary document.

Please note that we only tolerate a maximum of 20% similarity.


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


Author Fees

This journal charges the following author fees.

Article Publication: 700000.00 (IDR)
If this paper is accepted for publication, you will be asked to pay an Article Publication Fee to cover publications costs.

If you do not have funds to pay such fees, you will have an opportunity to waive each fee. We do not want fees to prevent the publication of worthy work.

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