Economic Trends and Macroeconomic Management In Indonesia: 1960s-1980s

Argamaya Argamaya


Tulisan ini membahas mengenai mekanisme penggerak ekonomi makro di Indonesia selama dua periode yakni periode 1960-1965 yang merupakan tahun-tahun yang berbahaya bagi Indonesia dan periode 1966-1989 yang merupakan tahun-tahun keberuntungan bagi perekonomian Indonesia. Indikator utama ekonomi makro menunjukkan kinerja yang mengesankan selama tahun-tahunter sebut. Penyesuaian dalam ekonomi makro memainkan peranan penting dalam menangani situasi yang kacau yang terjadi pada awal periode 1966-1989 serta goncangan baik internal maupun eksternal. Sistem dan pengawasan keuangan yang buruk serta masalah informasi asimetris, seperti kebijakan industri yang bias, kapitalisme, dan memuncaknya pinjaman cepat yang beresiko. Masalah pasar keuangan dan respon yang kurang tanggap membuat Indonesia rentan terhadap goncangan yang akan berdampak negatif pada sentimen pasar terhadap Negara.

Kata Kunci: manajemen makroekonomi, pendapatan nasional, inflasi, money supply, kebijakan fiscal, kebijakan moneter, nilai tukar mata uang.

This paper discusses the mechanisms of macro-economic drivers in Indonesia during the two periods; the period 1960-1965 which is a dangerous years for Indonesia and the period 1966-1989 which isa miracle years for the Indonesian economy. The main macroeconomic indicators showed an impressive performance over the years. Adjustments in macroeconomic plays an important role in dealing with the chaotic situation that occurred at the beginning of the period 1966-1989 as well as both internal and external shocks. Poor financial system and poor supervision and asymmetric information problems, such as industrial policy bias, capitalism, and rising up risky loans. Financial market issues and less-responsive responses madeIndonesia vulnerable to shocks that would bring a negative impact on market sentiment against the State.

Keyword: macroeconomic management, capital income, inflation, money supply, fiscal policy, monetary policy, exchange rate.


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